What is Administration | Basics or Characteristics of Administration |Who is the Administrator? | Types of Administration

Administration is a fundamental pillar of any organization, playing a vital role in ensuring its smooth and effective operation. It encompasses various activities and responsibilities, all aimed at achieving the organization’s goals and objectives. This article will explain what administration is, its characteristics, functions, types, and why it’s important in different sectors. Additionally, we discussed who is the administrator.

Administration can be defined as the process of managing and coordinating resources, people, and activities within an organization to achieve its goals efficiently and effectively. It serves as the backbone of an organization, providing the necessary structure and framework for its proper functioning. Administration involves decision-making, planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling various aspects of an organization’s operations.

Basics or Characteristics of Administration

  1. Any enterprise whether it is run for profit or not needs to be controlled.
  2. The control of the enterprise is effected through administration and management.
  3. Administration consists of deciding the determination of the goals and policies of the enterprise.
  4. Administration consists of deciding determination the goals and policies of the enterprise.
  5. The administration is concerned mainly with decision-making, policy-making, and making necessary adjustments.
  6. The three main elements of administration are:
    • the formulation of goals,
    • the choice of ways and means,
    • the direction of the people in some group purpose.
  7. The administration makes policies and decides the goals or targets to be achieved.
  8. It is not directly concerned with the implementation of policies.
  9. The functions of administration are legislative and largely determinative.
  10. The administration does not need technical ability.
  11. It is not productive in character.
  12. Administration coordinates finance, production, and distribution.
  13. It frames the organizational structure and exercises control over the enterprise.
  14. The administration is the master of industry. It relates to top-level management. Persons like owners or the board of directors are in charge of it.

Who is the Administrator?

What is Administration | Basics or Characteristics of Administration |Who is the Administrator? | Types of Administration
Administrator illustrator

An administrator is a person responsible for carrying out the administration of a business or organization

Characteristics of an Administrator

  • Organizes his own work and that of his subordinates;
  • Delegates responsibility and authority;
  • Measures, evaluates, and controls position activities.

Type of Administration

You must decide how much control the individual sites will have over their replicas. Your choices are focused or centralized administration, individual administration, or a combination of the two.

Centralized Administration

Centralized administration is a management structure where decision-making authority is concentrated at the top of an organization. Key characteristics include a concentration of power, uniformity in decision-making, efficiency in certain situations, clear accountability, and limited autonomy for lower-level units.

However, it can lead to communication challenges and potential rigidity in adapting to change. It’s often found in larger organizations with complex structures and is most suitable for strategic decision-making.

Advantages of this system:

  • Your organization does not have to hire a Multi-Site administrator for each site.
  • It is easier to ensure that schedules do not ambivalence.


  • Some administrative procedures require a replica to be self-mastering.
  • If Rational Clear-Case administration is done at a local level, the Multi-Site administrators must have knowledge of all topical administrative procedures (for example, backups and server maintenance).
  • Remote access to all sites is mandatory.

Individual Administration

With individual administration, each department of the organization is self-mastering and there is an administrator at each site. It involves a person taking sole responsibility for a specific area, task, or decision within an organization or context. This approach can provide clarity and accountability but may limit diverse perspectives and collaboration.

Advantages of this system:

  • No mastership changes are required when an administrator needs to change replica properties.
  • Administrators can ensure that Multi-Site administrative procedures do not conflict with Rational Clear Case administration.


  • A Multi-Site administrator is needed at each site.
  • Communication among administrators can be difficult if the company has sites in multiple time zones.

Semi-Centralized Administration

Semi-centralized administration is a combination of the previous two administration types, where some decision-making authority is concentrated at the top of an organization, while other decisions are made at lower levels.

It balances central control with decentralized decision-making, allowing for flexibility and adaptability in certain areas while maintaining a degree of uniformity and guidance from a central authority.

Advantages of Administration

  1. productivity, which are critical for an organization’s success.
  2. Goal Achievement: The administrative process helps an organization set clear goals and work systematically toward achieving them. This ensures that everyone in the organization is aligned with its mission and vision.
  3. Decision-Making: Administrators are responsible for making informed decisions based on data and analysis. Effective decision-making is crucial for addressing challenges, seizing opportunities, and adapting to changing circumstances.
  4. Coordination: Administration fosters coordination among different departments and teams within an organization. This prevents duplication of efforts and ensures that all parts of the organization work together cohesively.
  5. Compliance and Accountability: Administrators are responsible for ensuring that the organization complies with laws, regulations, and ethical standards. They also establish mechanisms for accountability, transparency, and reporting.
  6. Adaptability: In today’s rapidly changing business environment, effective administration enables an organization to adapt to new challenges and opportunities. It helps in staying flexible and responsive to emerging trends.


In conclusion, administration is the glue that holds an organization together. It provides the structure, direction, and coordination necessary for an organization to thrive. Whether in the corporate world, government agencies, non-profit organizations, or any other sector, administration plays a pivotal role in achieving an organization’s mission and goals.

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Related Terms

Management VS Administration

Administration and management both are very significant functions of any organization. Without management, there is no organization and without administration, there is no management. These two are complementary to each other.


Management style

Management style is a specific way manager go about executing their goals. Management style regards the way that a manager plans, handles, makes decisions, designates, and manages their staff.

It can vary widely depending on the company or organization, level of management, industry, region, culture, and the person himself. An ideal manager is someone who can align their management style in response to various factors while keeping their focus on successfully achieving goals Read more…

What is Management?

Management may be defined as the art of work done through people, with the satisfaction of the employer, employees, and the public. To do this, it is necessary to guide, direct, and control human effort toward the fulfillment of the goal of the enterprise read more….

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