Management, Management definition, concept of management, levels of managers

Management may be defined as the art of work done through people, with the satisfaction of the employer, employees, and the public. 
To do this, it is necessary to guide, direct, control human effort towards the fulfillment of the goal of the enterprise.


Concept of management :

  • Management is an executive act that actively directs the human effort to a common goal.
  • The main roll of the management is to apply the knowledge and analytical approaches developed by numerous other disciplines.
  • Management is the follower of the administration, it gets a salary or a part of the profit in lieu of its services.
  • Management does not frame politics, it only implements the politics laid down by the administrator.
  • Planning, organizing, staffing, motivation, directing coordination, and control are all the functions of the management.
  • Management is considered as an art as well as a science.

Nature of management :

  • Management is goal-oriented. It fulfills the organizational goal through coordination of the efforts of the personal.
  • If labor, materials and capital are input and goods, services are output then management works as a catalyst medium.
  • Management represents a system of authority a hierarchy of command. Managers at different levels possess varying degrees of authority.
  • From management definition, we know management harmonized the goal of the worker to the goal of the organization to avoid conflicts in the organization.
  • The principles and techniques of management are equally applicable in the fields of business, industry, education, government, army, etc.


Importance of management


Importance of management: 

  • No enterprise can survive without management, even if it possesses huge money, the best machinery, expert manpower. Because without management, it will be all confusion, nobody will know what to do. 
  • Management guides and controls the activities of manpower for maximum utilization of the company’s resources.
  • Managers provides new ideas and vision to the organization to do better.
  • Manager provides stability to the company by changing and modifying the resources in accordance with the changing environment of the society.
  • Management helps personality development thereby raising efficiency and productivity.

Levels of managers :

There are three levels of management-
  1. Managerial or top-level management – Top level of management consist of Board of Director and Managing Director. Their main responsibility is planning and coordinating.
  2. Executive or Middle-level management –Their main role is the directional and managerial function of an organization. Implementation of policies and plans as per the directive of top management.
  3. Supervisor or Operative level Management –Supervisor, foreman, and first-line managers are at this level. Their main role is to distribute jobs and responsibilities to a variety of workers. They are directly responsible for the quality and amount of products.

People management skill :

Management skills

The skills required to be a successful manager are can be classified as-

  1. Technical skills
  2. Conceptual skills
  3. Human relation skills

1. Technical skill – 

Technical skill is necessary for a manager in handling methods, processes properly. It is essential for a manager to know which technical skill should be employed in a particular work. Technical skill is essential for lower-level management.

2. Conceptual skills – 

Conceptual skills are required to recognize inter-relationship among different functions of the business and external force and to guide effectively the organizational efforts. 
Conceptual skill is essential for higher-level management. Conceptual skills include Decision-making skills and Organisational skills.
Decision-making skills
 It is the ability of a person to take a timely and accurate decision, that required mental ability and presence of mind.
Organizational skills – 
Organisational skills help to select the right people at the right job.


3. Human relation skills – 

Human relation skills- is the ability to work with other people and reach organizational goals.

Communication skills is the ability to transfer information to others effectively.

Motivating skills inspire people to do what the manager wants them to do, the manager can use positive method include, rewards, praise, etc or the negative method like punishment, threat, etc.      

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